The work was done at CHESS and APS by JIANQIU GUO ,YU YANG, BALAJI RAGHOTHAMACHAR, MICHAEL DUDLEY from SUNY Stony Brook and by CHESS Staff Scientist STAN STOUPIN (before he moved to CHESS).
The group developed a non-destructive method, based on synchrotron double-crystal topography, to quantitatively measure and compare directional components of lattice strain between unprocessed wafers and those subjected to post-growth high-temperature heat treatment. Maps of different strain components are generated from equi-misorientation contour maps as illustrated in Figure 1. This technique is a powerful tool for estimating strain fields, and their analysis shows that normal strain (change in lattice constant along a direction with change in position along that direction) changes much more than do shear/rotation components. This indicates that dilation/compression rather than lattice tilt is the major type of deformation caused by incorporation of nitrogen dopants and nucleation of basal plane dislocations.